Written by: Wendy Gay and Colm Govin
Citrix recently announced that Citrix PVS in Azure is now in Public Tech Preview and in this article we are going to discuss the setup of Citrix PVS in Azure and what’s required to get you up and running The documentation for this Tech Preview is available at Citrix Provisioning on Azure (Preview update)
When installing PVS in Azure, all the same system requirements as per the on premises version on PVS apply.
- A Citrix License Server installed on a virtual machine in Azure
- An Azure Subscription •SQL/ SQL Express – Azure SQL is not yet supported
- Cloud Connecter in the Azure Subscription
- Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktop Service Subscription
- An azure Subscription
Its important to note that there are some limitations when using Citrix PVS within Azure. The following are the supported features;
- UEFI Boot of an Azure Gen 2 virtual machine. This is a 20 MB disk that contains the Citrix Provisioning UEFI boot application
- Targets – 64-bit Windows 10, Windows Server 2016, and 2019 target VMs
- Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktop Wizard available to create Target Devices.
- Export wizard in the PVS console to create and update the Machine Catalog
- Create and update a PVS image using Citrix Provisioning versioning or reverse engineering.
- Power management of targets from the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Service, or Azure Portal and Azure APIs.
Active Directory support using one of the following means:
- Azure Active Directory Domain Services that add Active Directory (AD) support to your Azure Active Directory (AAD) Tenant.
- Your existing on-premises Active Directory setup over an ExpressRoute connection.
- Active Directory domain controller VMs installed into your Azure subscription.
Citrix PVS Limitations
There are some limitations to be aware of when configuring PVS in Azure
- 32-bit operating systems are not supported.
- Existing on-premises Citrix Provisioning vDisks are not supported. You must create vDisks for the Azure VMs. PXE and ISO boot of master and target VMs are not supported, because Azure does not support them.
- Booting to BIOS is not supported.
- Generation 1 VMs are not supported. Only Generation 2 VMs are supported.
- No more than 2,500 VMs can be created in a single subscription. Limits | Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops service
- Master machine configuration must be compatible with target devices .
- If you plan to use Azure File Services to provide storage for vDisks, you must create a Premium Storage Account. It must be in the same region as the PVS server.
- The CVAD wizard uses Standard SSD disk for boot and cache, and Accelerated Networking is not enabled in target VMs. It is supported for the PVS Servers and is recommended.
Step 1 – Configuration of Azure Subscription
In order to ensure that PVS works correctly in Azure, we must make sure that the feature flag for ReserveMacOnCreateNic is turned on.
In order to complete this task, we must complete the following powershell commands
Register-AzProviderFeature -FeatureName ReserveMacOnCreateNic -ProviderNamespace Microsoft.Network
Register-AzResourceProvider -ProviderNamespace Microsoft.Network
Check the setting is applied with the followoing command
GET-Register-AzProviderFeature -FeatureName ReserveMacOnCreateNic -ProviderNamespace Microsoft.Network
Step 2 – Installing Citrix PVS
In order to install PVS in Azure, you must use the build that is made available when you apply for the Tech Preview
This link will provide you with the build needed for Azure. The following steps needed to setup PVS.
- Prepare a virtual machine with a minimum of 2 vCPUs, 8 GB or 12 GB each for the PVS Server VM.
- Download the TP build for PVS – https://podio.com/webforms/26381032/1994341
- Install SQL Server Express – https://www.microsoft.com/en-ie/sql-server/sql-server-downloads
- Install a Citrix license server and install an appropriate Citrix license
- Install the PVS server and Console as per on premises instructions
- Ensure you choose Cloud when prompted during the installation.
- Choose the license server during the PVS installation when prompted.
- Add an additional disk for the PVS Store – This can be a a file share implemented by a Premium Azure Storage Account, or Azure Net app Services ( I used a locally attached disk during testing)
The installation of Citrix PVS is exactly as you would install PVS on premises. Choose cloud when prompted during the installation. Please see PVS installation instructions
Step 3 – Preparing your master image
Now that the PVS server is installed, we can start to create a master image for use within Azure. The following steps are followed when creating the master image
- Create a Master Image Virtual Machine in Azure – Gen 2 64-bit Windows 10, Windows Server 2016, 2019 target VMs
- Install the VDA Software on the Image, Adding the cloud connector as the DDC.
- Install the Target Device Software – Making sure to use the ISO from Podio
After the software installations are complete, run the BDM.exe program from
C:\Program Files\Citrix\Provisioning Services\BDM.exe
to configure the boot disk
Add the option for the PVS Server FQDN of the Server IP Address as shown below.
Make sure to choose the option on the boot device for “Msft Virtual Disk” and to click on the option for Create a new UEFI boot entry
Click on Citrix Imaging wizard in the start menu run the Citrix Imaging wizard, and add the name of your Citrix PVS server
Choose to Create a vDisk
Enter a name for the vDisk, choosing the store that was created on the PVS server, or Azure file share that you selected during the installation. I added a disk and formatted it locally creating the store as per on premises.
Choose “Image entire boot disk”
Choose to optimize the hard disk
The imaging wizard will begin the imaging process and will create the vdisk.
Click yes to reboot the machine and click continue.
The imaging process will now begin.
Once this step is complete, change the properties of your PVS vDisk to read only. This will allow for disk for streaming.
Step 4 – Connecting to Citrix Cloud
Within the Provisioning server console, we can use the Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktop wizard to create the following.
- The Target VMs in the Device Collection
- The Computer accounts in AD
- Populate the machines in Citrix Studio
Right click on the PVS Site and Choose “Citrix Virtual Desktops Setup Wizard”
Enter the controller address which is the Citrix Cloud Connector FQDN.
When prompted, enter the Citrix Cloud credentials, including the one time passcode.
If you have multiple Citrix Cloud tenants, choose the correct tenant from the drop down list.
When prompted choose the correct resource location with the Resource Group that you wish to use.
Enter the CVAD service Application ID and Secret key on the service principle section below.
Choose the master image machine as the template machine that will be used to create the target VM’s
Select Create new catalog or choose an existing catalog. This machine catalogue is created within the Citrix Studio console within Citrix Cloud
Choose the size and the number of VM’s. Note that the machines will use BDM Disk by default.
Enter the resource group that the target VM machines will reside
Choose to create new machine accounts
Choose the correct domain and OU for the computer accounts within your domain.
Choose the PVS Server and add the FQDN or IP Address as below
Click finish once you have reviewed the detail
The target machines are created, and are added to the PVS server device collection , and the machine catalogue within Citrix Cloud.
Citrix PVS will now allow for the streaming of images
On the Target VM, you can now login to the server which is domain joined and access the PVS virtual Disk Status tool within the system tray.
The virtual disk indicator shows that boot time is 15 seconds.
PVS is still in Tech Preview, and performance testing at scale is ongoing
PVS has the benefits of versioning and rollback
Performance is expected to be better than on prem as Azure networking is extremely fast
This is a great article to help decide whether PVS or MCS is the best option for your deployment.